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    You should communicate the impacts of your program—such as amount of energy saved, number of jobs created, or number of residents served—to a broad range of audiences, including staff, partners, stakeholders, funders, political leaders, and others. In some cases, providing information about impacts will be a required element of grant funding or a regulatory process. In other cases, communications is part of a strategy to maintain and build support for the continued operation or expansion of your program.

    This handbook will help you take what you have learned about your program—including information about program impacts from a formal evaluation—and develop a strategy for communicating it. The handbook illustrates several examples of how impacts can be communicated, including through:

    • Case studies
    • Lessons learned documents
    • Flyers and newsletters
    • Brochures
    • Websites
    • Program reports.

     The strategies described in this handbook complement targeted communications to partners about the impacts of specific program components, including marketing and outreach, financing, and contractor engagement & workforce development. Communications about overall program impacts can draw on communications materials developed for these program components as well.

     Key steps for communicating impacts are:

    • Determine communications requirements and purpose
    • Develop a communications strategy
    • Gather quantitative and qualitative information, including customer feedback
    • Evaluate communications channels
    • Develop communications products
    • Evaluate and refine your communications strategy.
    Step by Step

    Several steps can help you successfully communicate information about the impact of your program.

    Monitor and communicate program results internally and externally

    As a first step, you need to determine what you want to accomplish by communicating about the achievements of your program’s impacts. This will drive your selection of target audiences, the kind of information you will need to collect or compile, the kind of product you will develop, and the channels you will use to share the information.

    Some communications may be required:

    • Funders will often require that you report specific information describing program progress and impacts
    • If your organization is a regulated utility or works with one, you may need to provide information to regulatory bodies.

    Other communications are not required, but are highly valuable to:

    • Build or maintain political support
    • Attract additional funding
    • Create opportunities to expand or replicate your programs
    • Help you support other programs by sharing lessons learned
    • Maintain partnerships or attract new partners
    • Build demand by demonstrating success.

    Being clear about the purpose of your communications activities will help you be efficient and ensure that you are selecting an approach that will have the most impact on the intended audience. For example, if you are interested in building demand by demonstrating success, you will want to market the impacts of your program to your potential customers and keep your current customers engaged to help them feel part of a larger community improvement effort and motivate them to promote the program to friends and neighbors. The next step will guide you through identifying audiences, messages, communications channels, and communications products based on what you seek to accomplish through communications.

    Better Buildings Partners Publicize Program Results

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partners shared the impact their programs had on their communities. These efforts raised community awareness about the impact of the programs and served to thank residents and partners for their involvement.

    • reEnergize Nebraska shared information from its evaluation report with local media. A subsequent article in the Lincoln, Nebraska’s Journal Star newspaper opened with the headline “reEnergize program helps 485 households in Lincoln” and went on to describe the program’s over 1,300 completed residential upgrades, 485 of which were in Lincoln, including the estimate that these projects will save $12.6 million in energy over 10 years.
    • Connecticut’s Neighbor to Neighbor Energy Challenge congratulated the communities that helped homeowners save energy through the challenge in its program newsletter.
    • Community Power Works in Seattle celebrated the work undertaken around the city—and leveraged the influence that neighbors had on each other—by providing a real-time map of how many homes in each neighborhood had undertaken an upgrade.

    Community Power Works Project Map


    Source: Project map, Community Power Works, 2014

    Your communications strategy is your plan for how you will share specific information about your program’s impacts with target audiences. It is not necessary to document your communications plan formally, but considering each of the following elements in detail will bring you greater success in demonstrating the value of your program.

    Key elements of a communications strategy include:

    • The purpose of the communications. What are you seeking to accomplish through communicating? As noted in the step above, communications can be motivated by requirements or a desire to achieve different goals, from attracting support and partners to attracting new customers.
    • Your audiences.  Who needs to hear your message for you to accomplish the purpose of your communications? Examples include potential funders, local political leaders, your customers, and local media.
    • Your messages. What do you want your audiences to know about the program? Different target audiences typically require different messages. For example:
      • You may want to communicate to potential funders that your program has a proven track record of cost-effective energy savings.
      • You may want to communicate to potential customers that their neighbors have felt great satisfaction from undergoing home energy upgrades that increased their comfort and saved them money.
      • Some stakeholders will be interested in overall accomplishments reflected in aggregate data, while others may be more interested in specific stories and testimonials from customers or partners.
    • Your communications channels. Through what channels will you reach your audience? Examples include in-person meetings, conference participation, direct mail, email distribution lists, websites, traditional media, and social media. This topic is covered in greater detail in the step “Evaluate communications channels” later in this handbook.
    • Your communications products. How will you capture information and communicate it to your audiences? What products are best suited for the communications channels you’ve selected? Options include case studies, success stories, lessons learned documents, testimonials, newsletters, brochures, website text, infographics, annual reports, and others. This topic is covered in greater detail in the step “Develop communications products” later in this handbook.
    • Communications responsibilities within your program. How will communications responsibilities be assigned? It may be the case that multiple people in your organization have communications responsibilities, but they should be coordinated and consistent.


    The table below illustrates a basic template for a communications strategy, listing audience, messages, channels, products, and lead responsibilities for several different types of communication purposes.

    Communications strategy template

    Source: U.S. Department of Energy, 2014.

    For more information on communications strategies for reaching potential customers, see the Marketing and Outreach handbooks. This information may be useful as you develop a strategy for communicating about program impacts. Individual handbooks discuss specific related topics:

    The Evaluation & Data Collection "Communicate Impacts" handbook provides information on how to match communications materials to stakeholder interests.

    You will need to gather information to convey in your communications products. Much information will come from your formal evaluation studies and resources for assessing and improving your program. Some information will come from specific program components, including marketing and outreach, financing, and contractor engagement and workforce development.

    The three types of program-level information you are most likely to need are described below: quantitative results, qualitative information, and customer feedback.

    Quantitative Results

    Examples of quantitative results include the number of upgrades conducted and cumulative energy savings—often shown as progress toward program objectives. These will often draw on your formal process and impact evaluations as well as internal program management systems for assessing and improving your program. Note that ensuring data of high quality before publishing them is critical; do not underestimate the investment needed to quality-assure your program data.

    Key quantitative results from your program that you might want to highlight include:

    • Total assessments and upgrades completed
    • Number of participating contractors, number of jobs created, and contractor work hours (see the contractor engagement and workforce development handbook for more information)
    • Energy saved per upgrade and total energy saved
    • Energy cost savings per homeowner and total cost savings
    • Conversion rates between home energy assessments and upgrades completed
    • Types of upgrades homeowners are completing through your program
    • Customer satisfaction with your program’s offerings and their experience working with your program
    • Successful marketing and outreach initiatives undertaken by your program (see the marketing and outreach handbook for more information)
    • Types of financing that homeowners are using to complete energy upgrades, the average loan amount, and the loan default rate (see the financing handbook for more information)
    • Market transformation effects on the home performance industry in your community. For example:
      • Greater awareness of opportunities and benefits of home energy upgrades among homeowners, contractors, lenders, and other market actors
      • Larger, more comprehensive upgrade projects being undertaken
      • Greater quantity and quality of upgrade projects completed
      • Express energy savings as percentages (e.g. compared to a pre-upgrade energy bill or a comparable home) rather than in units of energy
      • Describe cost savings rather than energy unit savings for consumers and consumer advocates because it is expressed in terms of something very tangible (i.e., personal financial benefit)
      • Describe lifetime savings when comparing the total value of energy savings to upgrade or program, costs so that people can weigh the up-front investment against the long-term benefits.

    To generate information that can be interpreted and understood by an external audience, you may need to translate quantitative information from sources such as formal evaluation studies. The Evaluation & Data Collection Communicate Impacts handbook outlines suggestions for communicating quantitative data, including:

    • Express energy savings as percentages (e.g. compared to a pre-upgrade energy bill or a comparable home) rather than in units of energy
    • Describe cost savings rather than energy unit savings for consumers and consumer advocates because it is expressed in terms of something very tangible (i.e., personal financial benefit)
    • Describe lifetime savings when comparing the total value of energy savings to upgrade or program, costs so that people can weigh the up-front investment against the long-term benefits.

    Expressing Data in Meaningful Ways

    Communicate the impact of your program in practical ways to make program data more accessible for stakeholders who may not be as familiar with energy or environmental metrics. Two tools from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) may be useful:

    • The Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator converts greenhouse gas emissions into everyday equivalencies, such as the equivalent number of trees planted or number of cars off the road, to achieve equivalent greenhouse gas emissions reductions. It can be used to help clearly communicate information about energy savings initiatives aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Users of the tool enter either energy data (e.g., kilowatt-hours of electricity or therms of natural gas) or emissions data, and the tool converts these data into easy-to-conceptualize terms.
    • The Co-Benefits Risk Assessment Screening Model (COBRA) estimates the air quality, human health, and related economic co-benefits of initiatives that reduce air emissions. Users enter increases or decreases in emissions estimates at the county, state, or national level and receive estimates of the cost of these changes and the impact of these changes on human health.

    Qualitative Information about Program Design, Operations, and Lessons Learned

    To develop case studies, lessons learned resources, program reports, and other types of communications, you will likely need qualitative information about program design, operations, and insights into successes and failures. This information can include:

    • Descriptions of program design and implementation
    • Insights and lessons learned about successes and failures
    • Summaries of feedback from staff, partners, customers, and contractors
    • Ideas about future program strategies, opportunities, and challenges.

    This information will often be collected directly from staff and partners. It includes information and insights from internal teams and partners working on specific program components, such as marketing and outreach, financing, and contractor engagement and workforce development. Regular meetings used as part of your program’s efforts to assess and improve, as well as regular meetings with contractors and partners, are good means to capture and track this type of information.

    Customer Feedback

    Positive information from customers, both homeowner and contractor, can be very powerful for gaining support for your program and for encouraging other homeowners to get involved. For example:

    • Customer testimonials help demonstrate the value of your work through the words and experiences of homeowners
    • Customer stories and quotations can be shared in print or through audio/visual recordings.

    Customer information can be collected through homeowner surveys (see text box below and the Program Design & Customer Experience Assess and Improve Processes handbook for more information on these surveys).  Information can also be collected through direct contact to gather quotations and stories about customers’ involvement with your program. Contractors, call centers, and online review sites are other ways to identify customers who may have useful insights to share about your program. Internal teams and partners working on marketing and outreach are an important source of quotations, testimonials, and stories directly from customers.

    You will also collect feedback from contractors about their experience with the program. See the Contractor Engagement & Workforce Development Develop Evaluation Plans handbook for more detailed information.

    Homeowner Surveys

     Surveys of homeowners who have gone through your program’s assessment and upgrade process can be an effective tool for your program to collect information that can be used in communications materials. Surveys can help you:

    • Describe overall homeowner satisfaction with the program
    • Gather quotes or testimonials from homeowners
    • Identify satisfied homeowners with whom to follow-up for additional information about their experience.

     DOE has developed the following homeowner survey templates:

     Examples of actual program surveys include:

    As part of your communications strategy, you should consider which communications channels are most appropriate for your audiences and the materials you wish to provide them. To make that determination, you need to identify:

    • How does my target audience receive information?
    • What types of products can best be communicated using the different channels?
    • What is the cost and feasibility of the communications channel(s) under consideration?

     Channels for mass communications include:

    • Direct mail, which allows you to reach a broad audience (e.g. an entire zip code). This channel is most appropriate when communication of program results is part of your marketing strategy to attract new customers or motivate existing customers to undertake further upgrade measures.
    • Social media or email lists, which allows you to communicate rapidly with groups that have indicated an interest in your program. As with direct mail, these channels are most useful when communicating results is part of your marketing strategy.
    • Websites, which reach a broad audience of potential customers and partners. Providing program results via websites can be part of your marketing strategy as described further below, but is also an effective way to provide information to partners or others seeking information about the success of your program.
    • Traditional media, which can be an effective way to build recognition and public support for your program. Several communications products described below can be accompanied by a press release, interviews, or other strategies for attracting media attention.

     Channels for one-on-one or small group communications include:

    • In-person meetings, which provide you the opportunity for focused conversations with individuals or groups, such as funders, elected officials, and/or potential partners.
    • Conference, webinar, or peer exchange call participation, which allows you to provide information (and hear questions and feedback) of particular relevance to your target audience, such as providing information about program lessons learned to other residential energy efficiency program administrators.

    Several kinds of communications products can be used to illustrate the impact of your program. In choosing from among these products, you should be guided by:

    • Your target audience, ensuring that the product you choose is appropriate and relevant to them
    • The kind of information you intend to communicate, ensuring that the product will clearly convey key messages and provide the right level of detail.

    Although not a comprehensive list, the following key program communications products are described below:

    • Case studies
    • Lessons learned documents
    • Flyers and newsletters
    • Brochures
    • Websites
    • Program reports.

    Case Studies

    Case studies are a key means to highlight program success stories and to document what programs have accomplished and learned. Approaches for highlighting successes can include:

    • Describing how programs have achieved or exceeded their program goals and objectives and what strategies have been key to success
    • Illustrating how programs have evolved as they have learned (including learning from mistakes), refined their approaches, and adapted over time
    • Highlighting positive experiences of customers, contractors, or partners
    • Showcasing innovative program designs, including strategies for outreach and marketing, financing, contractor engagement, and/or workforce training.

    Case studies and success stories are most powerful when they have a narrative with a protagonist (often the program administrator, but also a homeowner or contractor), a problem to be overcome, barriers faced along the way, and a resolution.

    Several collections of residential energy efficiency case studies provide useful examples including:

    • DOE's Spotlight case studies, which describe different types of program designs and implementation strategies to share promising approaches.  
      • For example, the Spotlight on Michigan: Sweeping the State for Ultimate Success case study describes how Michigan Saves undertook intensive door-to-door marketing in specific neighborhoods. 
      • Other Spotlight case studies are included in the Examples section of this handbook.
    • NYSERDA case studies, which highlight a variety of energy upgrade projects, such as those undertaken through New York's Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program and the Green Jobs-Green New York program
    • Better Buildings New Hampshire case studies, which describe successful residential energy efficiency upgrades completed through the program.
    • The Southwest Energy Efficiency Project's Innovative Energy Efficiency Projects Implemented by Local Governments in the Southwest, which describes eight county-level and city-level residential energy efficiency programs in the Southwest.

    Lessons Learned Documents

    Capturing and communicating lessons learned can help other residential energy efficiency programs benefit from learning what has and has not worked for your program. You can share lessons in a variety of ways, including on your program's website or through case studies. Opportunities for direct peer-to-peer sharing (e.g., by contributing to the Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center or by joining the Better Buildings Residential Network are effective ways to share and discuss lessons learned.

    Lessons learned should be written so that someone unfamiliar with your program will be able to understand them and translate what took place to their own context, including what did or did not work well and why. As you develop lessons learned, good questions to ask include:

    • What went well and should be repeated in the future?  Why?
    • What did not go well and should be avoided in the future?  Why?
    • What would you do differently the next time?
    • What insights and personal observations do you have that could help other program administrators?

    For examples of ways to communicate lessons learned, see the Solutions Center's Tips for Success.

    Flyers and Newsletters

    Flyers and newsletters are a way to reach out to customers to highlight new program offerings that may encourage them to undertake upgrades, to pursue deeper energy savings as follow-up to an initial upgrade, and to market the program to friends and neighbors.

    RePower Programs in Washington State Keep Customers Informed about Program Success

    One of the marketing and outreach lessons the RePower program of Bainbridge Island and Bremerton, Washington, learned was to provide progress updates to its residents, emphasizing how the program was making an impact. Communications materials included latest results such as the number of participating homeowners, the number of upgrades and assessments, and total kilowatt-hours saved.

    For example, one flyer announced, "600 Bainbridge Homes Have Made Energy Efficiency Upgrades-400 More to Go!" These progress updates also urged action for those who had not yet participated, in an effort to encourage more customers to help the community reduce energy use. This messaging helped cultivate a social norm that many people are involved if I don't want to be left out, I should be too.

    RePower Bainbridge Progress Flyer

    600 Bainbridge Homes have made energy efficiency upgrades

    Source: 600 Bainbridge Homes Have Made Energy Efficiency Upgrades, RePower Banbridge, 2013."

    Brochures and Infographics

    Brochures and infographics are brief communications tools that introduce your program and can highlight the impacts you are having. These communications documents can be used for customers as well as potential funders, partners, and other stakeholders to provide a succinct description of your program and its accomplishments.

    Solar and Energy Loan Fund Brochure Emphasizes Energy, Economic, and Social Impacts

    The Solar and Energy Loan Fund program (SELF) in St. Lucie County, Florida, published a five-page brochure three-and-a-half years into the program to communicate its impacts, including:

    • Energy and environmental impacts, such as cumulative energy savings, greenhouse gas emissions reductions, and equivalent savings in terms of gallons of gas saved
    • Economic impacts, such as annual average household energy bill savings per household, number of hours contractors were employed on projects, and wages generated through financed projects
    • Social impacts, such as the number of families, low-income families, women, and senior citizens served.

    By sharing program impacts in this communications material, SELF could demonstrate the value of its work to multiple audiences.

    Community Power Works Infographic Showcases Program Impacts

    Community Power Works in Seattle produced an end-of-2013 infographic to highlight program accomplishments, including:

    • 3,029 families with upgrades complete or in progress
    • 1,175 low-income families participating through a collaboration with HomeWise, Seattle's low-income weatherization program
    • 161,000 tons of greenhouse gas emissions avoided
    • 236,200 hours of work performed on Community Power Works projects
    • 1,259 people working on Community Power Works projects, including 1,051 contractors and energy assessors
    • 30% average savings achieved across the Community Power Works portfolio.

    Program Infographic

    Community Power Works

    Source: Program infographic, Community Power Works, 2014.

    In terms of market transformation, the infographic communicated some of the findings of a mid-project evaluation by Washington State University - that Community Power Works has positively affected business practices and operations, and that assessment and building contractor practices are becoming more efficient and effective.


     Websites provide ongoing visibility for programs and can be used to highlight progress to a broad audience. Although most programs use their websites primarily as portals for customer information and as an access point for program services, websites can also be used to highlight program accomplishments.

    The box below highlights three innovative approaches through which programs:

    • Highlight their progress and accomplishments through a publicly accessible program dashboard
    • Help community members track real time energy use, raising awareness and building a sense of community responsibility to participate
    • Use website widgets to provide summary information about key program metrics.

    Use Real-Time Information to Communicate Program Accomplishments

    Several residential energy efficiency programs use their websites to provide real-time information on program accomplishments, such as assessments, upgrades, and energy savings.  Examples from Connecticut, Bainbridge Island (Washington), and Boulder County (Colorado) are highlighted below.


    Although many programs use dashboards for internal program management, the Connecticut Energy Efficiency Fund offers an energy efficiency performance dashboard for public use. The Connecticut Statewide Energy Efficiency Dashboard offers a snapshot of how well energy efficiency programs in Connecticut are performing. It includes user-friendly graphs depicting program performance by sector, along with program expenditures and savings shown in comparison to performance goals.

    CT Statewide Energy Efficiency Dashboard

    Source: Connecticut Statewide Energy Efficiency Dashboard, Connecticut Energy Efficiency Fund, 2014.

    Bainbridge Island, Washington

    Public information about energy use can also be used to engage stakeholders in understanding and reducing energy use. The RePower program on Bainbridge Island, Washington, developed a dashboard that showed island residents their collective energy use in real time. This issue was particularly important for islanders because the local utility proposed building a new substation on the island in response to increased demand for power. The RePower program existed partly to make this unnecessary - as of 2014, the island had managed to avert the need for a new substation.

    Island Energy Dashboard

    Source: Island Energy Dashboard, RePower Bainbridge, 2014.


    Boulder County, Colorado

    Website "widgets"—like the one shown below, from Boulder's EnergySmart program—make key program outcome metrics easy to see and understand. These widgets communicate program achievements in real time to customers and stakeholders, creating a sense of accomplishments and momentum. Offering a snapshot of program success through a widget on the front page of your website invites customers and stakeholders to learn more about your services and can help demonstrate that you have experience and a track record of success.

    Success example

    Source: Website widgets, EnergySmart, 2012.


    Program Reports

     Program reports provide a formal and often more comprehensive means of describing program outcomes, activities, and lessons. Through reports, your program can provide funders, partners, and other stakeholders with information including:

    • Status of program outcomes and progress toward goals
    • Assessment of program strategies
    • Lessons learned about what has worked and what has not
    • Description of anticipated future strategies and direction
    • Short case studies
    • Customer and stakeholder testimonials.

    The following annual reports from residential energy efficiency programs illustrate the level of detail and analysis that can be included in program reports:

    • Efficiency Maine's Annual Report, which includes program data and success stories
    • Energize Phoenix's Energy Efficiency on an Urban Scale, Year Three Report: Results, which summarizes results, lessons learned, and recommendations through the final year of the Energize Phoenix award period with the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program
    • Seattle Community Power Works' Fall 2012 Progress Report, which analyzes program accomplishments in various sectors, including results of surveys of participants, and summarizes lessons learned to date.

    As you implement your communications strategy, you should assess and improve it as you would any other aspect of your program:

    • Gather feedback from your staff, partners, and target audiences on the extent to which communication of your program’s impacts have achieved your goals
    • Test different approaches to gauge each approach’s success
    • Draw on lessons and examples from other programs based on what they have found successful.

     As you refine your program communications strategy, you may find that you need to:

    • Reach out to different audiences
    • Refine your messages to reflect the needs and interests of your audience
    • Change your communications products and delivery channels to better correspond to how your audiences prefer to receive information.

     You may also find that you need to make internal improvements to communication, for example, to ensure consistent messaging across your program.

    Tips for Success

    In recent years, hundreds of communities have been working to promote home energy upgrades through programs such as the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, Home Performance with ENERGY STAR, utility-sponsored programs, and others. The following tips present the top lessons these programs want to share related to this handbook. This list is not exhaustive.

    Tips for Success

    Some programs provide customers with a “certificate of completion” to recognize and reward homeowners’ accomplishment in completing an upgrade.  Visible awards or affirmation, such as yard signs, window stickers, or favorable comparisons to neighbors can motivate homeowners to undertake upgrades.

    • Energy Impact Illinois, in partnership with Illinois Home Performance with ENERGY STAR, provides a certificate to all homeowners who complete a qualifying home energy upgrade and achieve at least 15% energy savings. The certificate includes information on upgrade measures performed and expected energy savings. The Chicago Multiple Listing Service (MLS), which provides information for residential real estate transactions, added a field in 2012 that provides information about the certificate in home sales listings. Program outreach teams talk to residents about the potential for energy upgrades to increase home value at the time of sale. Feedback from homeowners suggests that the certificate, and its visibility in home transactions, was a factor (although not necessarily a primary one) motivating them to pursue upgrades. Some homeowners told the program that they decided to upgrade their homes because they planned to move and felt the upgrade would increase their home’s marketability. Residents clearly valued the certificate; several contacted the program to inquire about it when it would arrive following their upgrade.
    • Eversource, a utility serving New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Massachusetts, undertook a pilot study to examine whether comparing homeowners’ energy use to neighbors or rewarding them for energy savings were better ways to motivate residential energy upgrades. The utility divided its New Hampshire customers into groups: some received information about their energy usage in comparison to their neighbors and some received rewards based on their energy savings; the rewards could be redeemed for gift cards or charitable gifts. Eversource found that comparing people to their neighbors resulted in greater overall energy savings; however, the rewards group showed more engagement with the program’s website, with many more of them creating online accounts. A 2015 Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange call discussed the program in more detail.

    Successful programs use many channels to communicate accomplishments and results to stakeholders.  These include word of mouth and products such as press releases, announcements on websites, case studies, and presentations.  Many programs use earned media—especially local media when possible—by giving people something to talk about, such as endorsements from local personalities.

    • New Orleans’ NOLA WISE program (Worthwhile Investments Save Energy) organized showcases hosted by homeowners. NOLA WISE promoted these showcases through neighborhood canvassing, electronic newsletters, social media, and collaboration with nearby neighborhood associations. The events often generated earned media coverage. NOLA WISE experienced an uptick in home energy assessment requests in neighborhoods where these events were held following the showcases.
    • At the Energize Bedford launch event, Martha Stewart—one of Bedford’s best-known citizens—was a prominent attendee and supporter. Reaching well beyond the immediate community, Martha Stewart wrote about her experience on her blog, further illuminating the important work of Energize Bedford. Locally well-known people can be effective program champions as well, such as a local weather person.
    • The Solar and Energy Loan Fund in St. Lucie County, Florida actively attracted media coverage by continuously refreshing its message, maintaining a sense of new activity and innovation, and stressing its contribution to the community. The program emphasized “firsts” in its messaging—such as its first loan, its first experience with crowd funding, and launching the county’s first PACE financing program. It emphasized key funding or participation milestones (e.g., $2 million in loans issued).The program also highlighted the success of its partners and the satisfaction of clients, in addition to its own accomplishments. These activities kept the program continuously in the news.

    The following resources provide topical information related to this handbook. The resources include a variety of information ranging from case studies and examples to presentations and webcasts. The U.S. Department of Energy does not endorse these materials.

    U.S. Department of Energy
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    City of Fort Collins Utilities

    The City of Fort Collins, Colorado increased the number of homes that are energy efficient through the use of community-based social marketing. Strategies to maximize impact included identifying neighborhoods based on data analysis, simplifying the process for completing upgrades, and using trusted messengers for delivery of tailored messages on energy efficiency services.

    New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA)
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA)

    Links to case studies of residential projects and contractors under the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA)'s Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program.

    U.S. Department of Energy
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    BetterBuildings for Michigan
    This case study describes an innovative program design used by BetterBuildings for Michigan to "sweep" neighborhoods in order to effectively reach its residential audience and achieve an 80% participation rate among those canvassed.
    Southwest Energy Efficiency Project
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    City of Tempe AZ,
    City of Flagstaff Residential Energy Retrofit Program,
    Silver City and Grant County Energy $ense,
    City of Mesa AZ,
    City of Reno Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Initiative,
    City of Espanola NM,
    Salt Lake County's Energy Smart Loan Program

    Descriptions of eight county-level and city-level energy efficiency programs in the Southwest.

    U.S. Department of Energy
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    NeighborWorks H.E.A.T. Squad
    Building on its understanding of homeowners in Rutland County, Vermont, NeighborWorks of Western Vermont (NWWVT) enlisted respected local citizens and organizations to spread the word about home energy efficiency upgrade opportunities, an effort that helped drive demand for nearly 200 home upgrades in just six months
    Publication Date

    Participant survey sent to Me2 customers that have completed at least the initial Energy Advocate visit.

    Efficiency Maine
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    Efficiency Maine

    Year in review annual report which includes program data and success stories.

    Efficiency Vermont
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    Efficiency Vermont

    This report provides an annual savings claim summary and includes case studies and customer testimonials from homeowners, towns, and businesses that Efficiency Vermont served in 2016.

    Navigant, Inc. (Prepared for Boulder County)
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    EnergySmart Colorado

    This progress report provides community members and others interested in EnergySmart with a clear snapshot of its progress. The report also provides a timeline of energy efficiency policies and programs in Boulder County.

    Local Energy Alliance Program
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    Local Energy Alliance Program (LEAP)

    This annual report summarizes the program's accomplishments in 2012, including the number of home upgrades, the cumulative amount of private investment leveraged for energy efficiency improvements, cumulative annual cost savings for building owners, and jobs created. It also includes testimonials from LEAP customers.

    Washington State University Energy Program
    Publication Date

    This mid-program evaluation includes extensive analysis of program sectors, including results of surveys of participants, and summarizes lessons learned to date.

    Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships, Inc.
    Publication Date

    This presentation describes the value of energy efficiency and non-energy impacts on cost effectiveness at the state level. It includes an example from Rhode Island and was presented before the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission.

    CNT Energy,
    National Home Performance Council
    Publication Date

    This presentation provides an overview of the CNT Energy and National Home Performance Council white paper "Unlocking the Value of an Energy Efficient Home: A Blueprint to Make Energy Efficiency Improvements Visible in the Real Estate Market." It covers making information about energy efficiency improvements visible to home buyers and others involved in a home sale transaction.

    EmPOWER Maryland
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    EmPOWER Maryland

    This report analyzes and develops estimates of non-energy impacts that could be included in cost effectiveness analyses for the EmPOWER Maryland energy efficiency programs. Four non-energy benefits are included in this analysis: air emissions, comfort, commercial operations and maintenance (O&M), and utility bill arrearages. In all four cases, a recommended value and methods for including them in future EMPOWER costs effectiveness analyses are provided.

    U.S. Department of Energy
    Publication Date

    This sample email survey template, created by the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, was designed for programs to develop their own survey of successful program participants in order to assess customer experience.

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    Publication Date

    A tool that estimates the air quality, human health, and related economic co-benefits (such as energy efficiency) of initiatives that reduce air emissions.

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    Publication Date

    A calculator that converts greenhouse gas emissions into everyday equivalencies. It can be used to help clearly communicate information about energy savings initiatives aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

    Tips and Tools for Promoting Your Energy Efficiency Project

    Jim Arwood, National Association of State Energy Officials,
    Nancy Raca, ICF International
    Publication Date

    This webcast provides information on why outreach is important for program success and how programs can promote their efforts.

    Capturing Energy Efficiency in Residential Real Estate Transactions Webcast

    U.S. Department of Energy
    Publication Date

    This webcast covers DOE's new white paper, Capturing Energy Efficiency in Residential Real Estate Transactions, which highlights how residential energy efficiency programs can help make homes' energy efficiency visible to appraisers, real estate agents, mortgage lenders, homebuyers and sellers. The webcast provides examples of programs around the U.S. that are successfully engaging the real estate community and overcoming barriers to valuing energy efficiency in the home resale process.

    U.S. Department of Energy
    Publication Date

    Real estate professionals are increasingly aware that today’s homebuyers consider heating and cooling costs, efficient appliances, and efficient lighting to be important factors in home purchase decisions. Residential energy efficiency and real estate stakeholders, however, agree that the home resale process frequently fails to account for the value of high-performance home features. If investments in energy efficiency were more accurately reflected in home resale prices, homeowners could have greater confidence that these investments would be recouped at resale, and they might make more investments in efficiency.

    CNT Energy,
    National Home Performance Council
    Publication Date

    This white paper provides energy efficiency program sponsors and other stakeholders in the home performance industry with methods to document efficiency improvements and incorporate them into the real estate value chain. Making information about energy efficiency improvements visible to home buyers and others involved in a home sale transaction will play a crucial role in ensuring that improvements are fairly valued at the time an existing home is sold.

    EmPOWER Maryland
    Publication Date
    Organizations or Programs
    EmPOWER Maryland

    This report analyzes and develops estimates of non-energy impacts that could be included in cost effectiveness analyses for the EmPOWER Maryland energy efficiency programs. Four non-energy benefits are included in this analysis: air emissions, comfort, commercial operations and maintenance (O&M), and utility bill arrearages. In all four cases, a recommended value and methods for including them in future EMPOWER costs effectiveness analyses are provided.

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