U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

Publications

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2017

This SEE Action report offers state and local policymakers, state utility regulators, program administrators, financial institutions, consumer advocates and other low- and moderate-income (LMI) household stakeholders an understanding of the relationship between LMI communities and energy efficiency; lessons learned from existing energy efficiency financing programs serving LMI households; and the financing products these programs use and their relative advantages and disadvantages.

Author: Energy Programs Consortium
Publication Date: 2017

This report on clean energy finance programs provides state and local government officials with a comprehensive resource on residential PACE history, legal and financing structures, terms and administrators. The report described how the program works, how local governments can set up their own programs and how they are financed. The report further describes PACE's growth, the legal challenges it has faced thus far, and consumer protection concerns that have been raised by consumer advocates.

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2016

This document provides updated best practice guidelines to help implement the Policy Framework for PACE Financing Programs, initially announced on October 18, 2009. DOE has developed these revisions to the original “Guidelines for Pilot PACE Financing Programs,” initially issued on May 7, 2010, to reflect the evolving structure of the PACE market and incorporate lessons learned from various PACE programs that have been successfully implemented. The revised and updated guidelines focus specifically on best practices and guidelines for residential PACE financing programs.

Author: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: 2016

This report is a guide to all customer-facing financing products—products offered by a lender directly to a borrower—used to pay for energy efficiency. Intended for state and local governments that are deciding whether to start a new program, tune up and existing program, or create a Green Bank, it provides information on the full range of financing product options for target participants, the tradeoffs of various products, and potential advantages and disadvantages for different types of customers.

Author: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2016

This paper examines the current state of energy efficiency financing, highlighting segments of strength such as cars, green buildings, and energy service companies, and offering areas that are underserved, including residential low-income and moderate-income households and multifamily housing.

Author: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2016

This paper examines the current state of energy efficiency financing, highlighting segments of strength such as cars, green buildings, and energy service companies, and offering areas that are underserved, including residential low-income and moderate-income households and multifamily housing

Author: Joel Freehling and Brian Stickles, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2016

This paper describes the current state of energy efficiency financing, highlighting what is and isn’t working, while offering a look at the future of the industry.

Author: Joel Freehling and Brian Stickles, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2016

This paper describes the current state of energy efficiency financing, highlighting what is and isnÕt working, while offering a look at the future of the industry.

Author: Energy Programs Consortium
Publication Date: 2016

This report examines participation of low and moderate income borrowers (LMI) in the first WHEEL portfolio. This is the first report in a multiyear project by EPC on Residential Energy Finance and the LMI Market that will take a close look at the market for residential energy efficiency and renewable energy loans to in order to increase the number and rate of the retrofits they facilitate.

Author: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2016

This paper analyzes Bank of America's $55 million initiative to provide low-cost funding and grant support to advance energy efficiency investment in low- to moderate-income communities. The funding supported community development financial institutions (CDFIs) in developing and enhancing efficiency programs for residential, commercial, and multifamily buildings. We report on loan performance, energy savings, and the degree to which the savings offset the cost of the energy efficiency investment.

Author: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2016

This paper analyzes Bank of America's $55 million initiative to provide low-cost funding and grant support to advance energy efficiency investment in low- to moderate-income communities. The funding supported community development financial institutions (CDFIs) in developing and enhancing efficiency programs for residential, commercial, and multifamily buildings. We report on loan performance, energy savings, and the degree to which the savings offset the cost of the energy efficiency investment.

Author: PACENation
Publication Date: 2016

This one-page handout covers the basics of PACE, including how it works, why it is popular, and how to get started with PACE.

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2015

This report is targeted at both policymakers and program administrators who are less familiar with secondary markets and their significance in the energy efficiency context, as well as those that are more familiar with these concepts and may be actively considering secondary market strategies. It covers how efficient access to capital from secondary markets -- reselling energy loans to investors to replenish program funds -- is being advanced as an important enabler of the energy efficiency industry “at scale.”

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2015

This website provides an overview of financing as it pertains to state, local, and tribal governments who are designing and implementing clean energy financing programs. Residential financing tools include residential PACE (R-PACE), on-bill financing and repayment, loan loss reserves and other credit enhancements, revolving loan funds, and energy efficient mortgages.

Author: Jeff Deason, Goldman School of Public Policy , UC Berkeley
Publication Date: 2015

This paper investigates the credit enhancement value of NYSERDA's on-bill energy efficiency financing program relative to its similar conventional unsecured loan program. In the raw data, while both loan pools perform well relative to credit card lending, the on-bill loans default more often than the unsecured loans. This paper shows that this result persists: on-bill loans default more often, and this finding is not sensitive to model specification. This paper also shows that NYSERDA's alternate underwriting mechanism based on mortgage and utility bill repayment history performs well, and that projected dollar savings from the installed projects do not significantly influence loan performance.

Author: Chris Kramer, Energy Futures Group
Publication Date: 2015

This article discusses the importance and value of evaluating energy efficiency financing programs.

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2015

This report lays the groundwork for a dialogue to explore regulatory and policy mechanisms for ensuring that efficiency financing initiatives provide value for society and protection for consumers. Through case studies of Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, California, and Maryland, it explores emerging issues that jurisdictions will need to tackle when considering an increased reliance on financing.

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2015

Program Design Lessons Learned (Volume 1) draws on the insights DOE gathered from its more than 4 years of administering State Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (SEEARP) and analyzing the nearly 1.8 million rebates and the associated reporting from the 56 state and territory programs.

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2015

Program Results (Volume 2) includes program impacts reports summarizing individual state and overall results of the State Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (SEEARP)

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2014

This document summarizes top takeaways shared by Better Buildings Residential Network members on Peer Exchange Calls, from tips to collaborating with utilities to cost-effective rebate models.

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2014

This Better Buildings Residential Network Partnerships Toolkit includes templates, tools, guides, and examples to help energy efficiency organizations engage in partnerships that leverage resources and strengthen their programs.

Author: The Cadmus Group, Inc.
Publication Date: 2014

The California investor-owned utilities -- Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E), Southern California Edison (SCE), Southern California Gas (SoCalGas), and San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E), referred to collectively as the IOUs or Joint Utilities -- are designing seven energy efficiency financing pilot programs at the California Public Utilities Commission’s (CPUC's) direction. To help inform the pilot design process and subsequent evaluation efforts, this report summarizes a comprehensive review of 15 existing financing programs representing noteworthy program models across the United States and around the globe.

Author: Yale Center for Business and the Environment
Publication Date: 2014

This publication advances the growth of energy efficiency finance and renewable energy finance markets in the United States by providing industry news, building professional dialogue, and fostering innovation. The forum includes: original feature articles covering cutting-edge topics and conferences; a biweekly newsletter of curated and original content; online conversations among experts in the field; and opportunities to register for webinars and other events

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2014

This report provides an overview of credit enhancements available, such as loan loss reserves, loan guarantees, debt service reserve funds, and subordinated capital. It also discusses key issues related to credit enhancement, examples of how others have successfully implemented credit enhancements as part of their energy efficiency financing programs, and additional information on existing resources that provide further information on credit enhancement design and implementation.

Author: Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: 2014

The report makes the case for establishment of common data collection practices for energy efficiency lending. The report reviews existing practices for the collection of four categories of data from energy efficiency financing programs: (1) customer data; (2) financial product and performance data; (3) facility-level data; and (4) energy efficiency project data. The report then identifies high-priority needs, characterizes potential uses for finance program data, and identifies use cases that describe how stakeholders use data for key objectives and actions.

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2014

This report provides an overview of considerations for designing and implementing successful energy efficiency financing programs for existing buildings in the residential and commercial sectors. Information on key issues related to energy efficiency financing programs, guidance to existing resources that provide more in-depth financing program design and implementation information, and strategies for delivering broad customer access to attractive financing products that enhance customer capacity and willingness to invest in energy efficiency to address "first cost" barriers are included.

Author: Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance
Publication Date: 2014

SEEA created this document to inform the planning, design and delivery of early-stage energy efficiency programs in the Southeast. This document captures general concepts essential to the successful development and implementation of robust program portfolios, as well as lessons learned from prior experience on the regional and national levels.

Author: RePower Bainbridge; Conservation Services Group; U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2014

This guide is designed to serve as a "how-to" reference for island communities (or small, similarly sized, more isolated communities) that want to develop and implement a residential energy-efficiency and conservation program. The purpose of this guide is to help communities chart a course for successful program development based on the lessons learned during implementation and operation of RePower Bainbridge, an energy-efficiency program on Bainbridge Island, Washington.

Author: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2014

This paper presents obstacles to increasing lender and consumer participation in energy efficiency financing identified by a group of small to mid-size lenders, and offers recommendations to the energy efficiency community to foster growth in the market for energy efficiency financing.

Author: Community Development Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco
Publication Date: 2014

There are more than 17 million multifamily households nationwide, yet they remain a significant and mostly untapped opportunity for energy efficiency gains. Many cities and states that have embraced energy retrofitting as a job creator and boon to both the environment and economy have yet to address potential savings in multifamily properties, primarily because of obstacles not faced by single family and commercial properties. This paper discusses two barriers -- a lack of information and financing -- that stand in the way of multifamily energy retrofits.

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2014

This report provides an overview of the current state of on-bill programs and provides actionable insights on key program design considerations for on-bill lending programs.

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2014

This report provides an overview of the current state of on-bill programs and provides actionable insights on key program design considerations for on-bill lending programs.

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2014

Defines key financing terms programs are likely to encounter when designing financing activities.

Author: Timothy Block, Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance; Ian Fischer, Clean Energy Solutions, Inc.; Steve Morgan, Clean Energy Solutions, Inc.; Jennifer Weiss, Environmental Finance Center at UNC-Chapel Hill
Publication Date: 2014

This report presents the underlying barriers and drivers of successful efficiency programs, deliberates upon what financing roles are most appropriate for SEEA involvement going forward, and quantifies the opportunity for energy efficiency financing in the Southeast going forward.

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2014

This fact sheet describes the PowerSaver loan program, including benefits, eligible improvements, and requirements.

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2013

This guide provides a snapshot of the federal finance facilities available for energy efficiency upgrades and clean energy deployment. The guide is organized by market segment, and also includes a table that presents each finance facility by type of instrument along with the federal agency that administers the program.

Author: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: 2013

This report provides an overview of the fundamentals of energy efficiency financing program planning and design and provides tools for deciding the objectives and mechanics of EE financing initiatives. The report walks policymakers and program administrators through key questions that must be resolved to better understand what efficiency financing can be reasonably expected to achieve, and for whom.

Author: Sustainable Endowments Institute; Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education
Publication Date: 2013

This guide provides practical guidance for designing, implementing, and managing a green revolving fund (GRF) at a college, university, or other institution.

Author: University of North Carolina Center for Community Capital - Institute for Market Transformation
Publication Date: 2013

Study examining actual loan performance data to assess whether residential energy efficiency is associated with lower default and prepayment risks. Results show that default risks are on average 32 percent lower in energy-efficient homes, controlling for other loan determinants.

Author: The Energy Foundation
Publication Date: 2012

Reviews and summarize energy efficiency financing models and strategies. Models are analyzed according to funding sources, program structures, limits to scale, repayment vehicles, and project risks. Strategies consider applicable building sectors, models, levels of establishment, growth potential, advantages, and disadvantages.

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2012

This document summarizes discussions and recommendations from a forum for practitioners and policymakers aiming to strengthen residential energy efficiency program design and delivery for middle income households.

Author: Mass Save
Publication Date: 2012

This plan was jointly developed by gas and electric companies in the state of Massachusetts to set aggressive goals for 2013-2015 through a sustained and integrated statewide energy efficiency effort in accordance with Green Communities Act.

Author: Climate Solutions
Publication Date: 2012

This report profiles the early results of a diverse range of small- to medium-sized American cities with different economic and energy profiles that are pioneering the clean energy economy. Many communities used federal grants to jumpstart long-term strategies to test and refine various clean energy and energy efficiency solutions. Others developed innovative financing strategies in the absence of grant money. These city-led efforts to catalyze local clean energy economic development are important to watch as federal grants sunset, especially in the absence of a comprehensive national energy or climate policy.

Author: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: 2012

Policy brief explaining what constitutes a qualified project under the QECB program.

Author: Deutsche Bank Americas Foundation
Publication Date: 2012

This report addresses a key bottleneck for private capital: lenders declining to underwrite energy efficiency loans for multifamily housing because they lack confidence in energy savings. It presents findings from an analysis of 230+ buildings, assesses total savings achieved and savings as a percentage of projections, and provides a starting point for an underwriting methodology.

Author: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: 2012

This policy brief describes the energy efficiency financing options programs can use to help financial institutions make energy upgrades affordable and accessible to homeowners.

Author: The Rockefeller Foundation
Publication Date: 2012

This paper establishes the size of the potential retrofit market in the United States, and examines the emergence of new financing models that offer the promise of overcoming historical barriers to energy efficiency.

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2011

This report provides policymakers with principles and recommendations to understand and manage concerns about bill and rate impacts resulting from requiring utilities to provide efficiency programs.

Author: World Resources Institute
Publication Date: 2011

Outlines five public-private financing mechanism options for energy efficiency upgrades programs, including on-bill financing, PACE financing, and loan loss reserve funds.

Author: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Publication Date: 2011

This U.S. Environmental Protection Agency resource is intended to help state and local governments design finance programs for their jurisdiction. It describes financing program options, key components of these programs, and factors to consider as they make decisions about getting started or updating their programs.

Author: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: 2011

This report provides state and local policymakers with information on successful approaches to the design and implementation of residential efficiency programs for households ineligible for low-income programs.

Author: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2011

This report examines the different types of financiers and their specific strengths, weaknesses, and areas of focus. Specifically, the paper addresses the different types of financing partnerships in the marketplace and offers a guide to their individual interests, risk tolerances, and place in the financial services industry.

Author: Southwest Energy Efficiency Project
Publication Date: 2011

This report describes different approaches to energy efficiency finance taken by utilities.

Author: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2011

Provides review of on-bill financing programs implemented across the country, challenges to widespread adoption, and program and policy recommendations.

Author: Environmental Finance Center at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Publication Date: 2011

This publication outlines capital leveraging models and examples from across the country in which public funds were used to influence energy loan program capital.

Author: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: 2011

The Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide focuses on the key elements and design characteristics of building and maintaining a successful residential energy upgrade program. The material is presented as a guide for program design and planning from start to finish, laid out in chronological order of program development.

Author: State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network
Publication Date: 2011

This report lays out a national vision for overcoming many of the barriers to comprehensive home energy improvements. The authors review a range of energy efficiency policies and programs, then analyze three funding and policy scenarios to gauge their long-term impacts on the market for home energy upgrades.

Author: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publication Date: 2011

This report presents results, recommendations, and case studies of energy efficiency financing programs.

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2010

Flowcharts showing the key program elements (financing; workforce development; marketing and outreach; and data, evaluation; and reporting).

Author: National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency
Publication Date: 2010

This report summarizes the approaches used by energy efficiency program administrators when assessing the range of financial and other incentives to be used in energy efficiency programs.

Author: U.S. Department of Energy
Publication Date: 2010

Table showing challenges, needs, strategies, and resources related to financing.

Author: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: 2010

Policy brief outlining the HUD PowerSaver Pilot Loan Program.

Author: Environmental Defense Fund
Publication Date: 2009

Report that identifies and evaluates the sufficiency of available financing options to help low-income populations, particularly communities that have been historically overburdened by air pollution (i.e., "environmental justice communities"), invest in resource-saving measures, such as energy efficiency and water conservation.

Author: National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: 2009

This report provides information for states intending to set up a new revolving loan fund for state energy programs.

Author: National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency
Publication Date: 2007

This report describes the effects of utility spending on efficiency programs, how those effects could constitute barriers to investment in energy efficiency, and how policy mechanisms can reduce these barriers.